The Ministry of Women's Affairs (MOWA) and the Cambodia National Council for Women (CNCW) make up the National Machinery for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. The MOWA acts as a catalyst and advocate to encourage public institutions, civil society and the private sector to integrate gender equality into their policies and programs, and as a coordinator and facilitator. It is responsible for monitoring and evaluating policies and programs to assess their contributions to achieving the Government's goals in promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women.
In 1999, MoWA prepared and implemented its five year strategic plan, called "Neary Rattanak". In 2003, MoWA in partnership with line ministries/institutions at national and sub-national level reviewed the effectiveness and efficiency of the implementation of the strategic plan "Neary Rattanak I" and developed "Neary Rattanak II" which was considered an important part of the Rectangular Strategy of the Royal Government of Cambodia in its third mandate.
In 2008, in the fourth mandate of the Royal Government, and under the leadership of Samdach Aka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen, the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency, Phase II was established, which recognizes that "women are the backbone of the economy and society". In this context, MoWA has developed its third 5-year strategic plan, the Neary Rattanak III. The strategy aims to ensure gender responsive national policies, legislation and reform programs; to support the economic empowerment of women; ensure legal protection from violence and sexual and labor exploitation; to promote change in attitude and behavior that discriminate against women; to develop the capacity of women; and address barriers in order for women to access and claim their right to fully participate and benefit from economic and social development, also as decision-makers.
The people of Cambodia enjoy peace, democracy, prosperity, justice and the rule of law, good governance and transparency, equality and well-being, which are shared equally by women and men. Respect for human rights, including women's rights, women's dignity and other key values are upheld by Cambodian society.
Women and girls enjoy equal access to services and control of resources, with equal opportunity to take part fully in national life and enjoy protection against all forms of discrimination and violations of their human rights.
The Neary Rattanak III focuses on five strategic areas, along with a gender mainstreaming program for national policies, reform programs and sectors. It also includes a cross-cutting area.
1. Economic Empowerment of Women
2. Education of Women and Girls, Attitudes and Behavior change
3. Legal Protection of Women and Girls
4. Health and Nutrition of Women and Girls, and HIV/AIDS
5. Women in Public Decision-making and Politics
Gender mainstreaming program:
- Gender mainstreaming in national policies
- Gender mainstreaming in government reform programs
- Gender mainstreaming in priority sectors
- CEDAW implementation
Cross-cutting area: Strategic Management (incl. finance/audit, planning, administration, information & communication), Capacity Development and Aid Effectiveness.